01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
01 01 00 PROJECT DOCUMENT FORMAT
.01 General Owner Requirements
- Standard Drawing Sizes: Drawings shall be prepared on standard sheet sizes 24 inches by 36 inches or on sheets 30 inches by 42 inches. Use of any other sheet size requires the prior approval by the University Project Manager.
- Electronic documents shall comply with the standards in the table below.
- All equipment shown on Contract Documents shall conform to University's abbreviations and numbering conventions defined in the Equipment Acronym List found in the table below.
|CADD Drawing and Submission Standards||July 2002||This document provides Professionals with guidelines for creating and submitting electronic drawings to The Pennsylvania State University.|
|Equipment Acronym List||May 2011||Llist of equipment abbreviations and identification numbering conventions.|
.01 Submittals Table
- To assist the Contractor(s) in following through on all the various submittals that will be required of them, the Professional shall include in the contract documents, complete with the Specification section/paragraph reference, a table indicating all the shop drawings, catalog data, manufacturer's operating instructions, maintenance instructions, certificates, warranties, guarantees and any other pertinent operating and maintenance data.
.02 Fire Rated Construction Assemblies
- All construction assemblies which require a specific fire rating; i.e., 1-hour, 2-hour, etc., shall be so designated on the construction drawings. In addition, the governing agency or applicable code, edition, and date shall also be indicated. The purpose of this is so that the University can maintain the required ratings when future revisions are made.
01 01 02 Owner Review
.01 Board of Trustees Submission
- The Professional shall be responsible for the preparation of graphic material to be presented to the University Board of Trustees when their approval is required for a project. Refer to the "Board of Trustees (BOT) Submission Requirements" below for specific instructions on the requirements for information and graphics, based on project cost and type.
These documents provide guidelines to Penn State consultants for projects that require Penn State Board of Trustee approval or submittal for information only. Graphic standards and project guidelines are included. The Board of Trustee standing order BOT Major Project Guidelines language related to construction projects can be viewed at the BOT website.
|BOT Major Project Guidelines||January 2008
||This document provides direction to Penn State consultants for requirements for major construction projects requiring Board of Trustee approval.
|Architect Selection Photo Requirements
||This document provides technical standards for submission of photos of built projects for architects shortlisted for major construction projects at Penn State.|
.02 Design Review Submission
- The Professional shall prepare and submit to the Owner, for review and approval, Design Documents and any other documents required by the Owner. Refer to the Design Phase Deliverables document below for specific submission requirements for each design phase.
- The Design Professional shall provide a written response to each Design Review Comment received.
|Design Phase Deliverables
||Minimum requirements for documents submitted to the University for Owner Review.
01 05 00 GENERAL PROJECT REQUIREMENTS
01 05 01 Site Requirements
.01 Retention of Existing Trees
To encourage the retention of mature trees which are one of the University's prime assets, and to correct the current slow depletion of the campus tree canopy, the Professional shall site the building to minimize the loss of and impact on mature trees.
- The landscape plan for the project shall be integrated with the surrounding landscape design and it shall include trees.
.02 Equipment Screening
- All exposed exterior mechanical and electrical equipment is to be screened from view. The screening method to be employed will be determined on an individual project basis.
01 05 05 Space Planning
|Office Space Guidelines||October 2002||This contains the recommended square footage for workspace at Penn State. The Design Professional should refer to this document during the project design phase and discuss any deviations from it with their Project Manager.|
|ADA Access Enhancements Manual||June 2010||These enhancements should be referred to as a supplement to the Americans with Disabilities Act Guidelines. They were developed to specifically address our campus environment. The Design Professional should refer to this document during the project design phase and shall comply with its standards. For more information contact Ed Gannon at email@example.com or call (814) 863-2176.|
.01 Planning for Engineered Building Systems
- Always design with maintenance in mind. Maintenance and housekeeping are daily activities in every campus building. The University expects these activities to be carried out in a manner that students and faculty are not aware of the effort. Similarly, buildings and improvements are needed that lend themselves to cost effective utilization of manpower in a discrete manner.
- Design team shall fully coordinate all requirements to ensure easily accessible, unobstructed, safe, generous, sufficient space for mechanical and electrical equipment rooms and general maintenance storage when developing the building floor plans.
- Designated mechanical/electrical equipment rooms, mezzanines and platforms shall have at least the minimum headroom/ceiling height required by building code for occupiable spaces. Crawlspaces (either basement or attic) are not acceptable plant equipment rooms.
- Design for Safety: The plant and systems must be located and arranged to permit adequate means of escape and access for maintenance without exposing the maintenance staff to undue safety risk.
- Design for Cost Effective Replacement: All mechanical and electrical rooms shall be located, have adequate floor area and door sizes and be internally arranged with entirely clear aisles to permit the removal and replacement of the largest piece of equipment from the space to the building exterior without dismantling other equipment or permanent building general construction.
- Primary aisles intended to be kept clear in perpetuity for equipment replacement shall be clearly indicated on construction drawings and with painted boundaries on final floor finishes in mechanical/electrical rooms.
- Building design shall not require a crane to replace common systems components such as pumps, motors, fan wheels, coils, compressors, transformers, electrical gear, motor starters, etc.
- In buildings with elevators, elevator with sufficient capacity shall extend to all levels, including roof, with mechanical/electrical equipment having any replaceable component that cannot be safely transported down stairs or ship ladders.
- Include roof access hatches, hinged or easily removeable louvers, knockout panels or similar other architectural features as necessary for major equipment replacement that cannot be otherwise handled through routine means.
- Coordinate between disciplines to provide adequate structural strength in all areas over which heavy equipment is required to be rolled in and out of the building.
- Allow adequate dedicated spaces for building system control panels: local Building Automation Systems (BAS) operator workstation, associated BAS network controllers/panels, security/access control panels, fire alarm control panels, lighting control panels. These types of building operation control panels shall not be placed in spaces shared and/or the access controlled by the occupants or departments other than OPP, including but limited to the following:
- Departmental work or storage spaces
- TNS server room, work or storage spaces
- Mechanical rooms shall be sufficiently sized and equipment arranged to accommodate proper, efficient and safe access conditions for routine maintenance and replacement.
- There shall be enough clear space around equipment to do such things as change filters, pull coils, removal of fans, shafts, motors, bearing assemblies, etc. without moving other equipment or building general construction.
- Allow at least three feet between all service sides of AHU’s and other large equipment and obstructions.
- Minimize the need to do maintenance from ladders. Provide permanent ship ladders, equipment platforms, safety rails, anchor points and lanyards, etc as required to safely access overhead equipment.
- Provide overhead structural steel with portable chain hoists to lift and rig heavy motors, compressors, fans, etc to means of transporting out of building.
- Consider and plan for general maintenance storage requirements in mechanical rooms.
- Avoid tripping hazards. Arrange equipment and provide sufficient floor drains to avoid running pipes across walking paths on floors.
- Provide card readers on all mechanical room entry doors. Reader for new buildings shall be designed in accordance with the Electronic Security System Requirements outlined in the Access Control Specification of division 28. Readers for existing buildings shall be designed to conform with and tied into the existing system in the building.
- Refer to Section 230000 for appropriate environmental conditions in these spaces.
- To the greatest extent possible, mechanical equipment shall be located indoors to maximize useful service life and for safety and ease of maintenance staff, particularly during adverse weather conditions.
- No outdoor/rooftop primary air handling equipment is allowed without written permission from the Office of Physical Plant, Engineering Services.
- Unitary DX units with no hydronic or steam coils subject to freezing.
- Renovations to existing facilities in which it is otherwise not practical or feasible to provide adequate indoor mechanical space.
- Where otherwise unavoidable, hydronic systems subject to freezing conditions shall be protected with separate piping loops with antifreeze solution, heat exchangers, pumps, expansion tanks, as required to prevent freezing in the event of extended electrical power outage and to minimize and isolate portions of systems requiring antifreeze from the main hot and chilled water loops.
- Steam traps and drip legs shall be located below the thermal insulation envelope of the roof assembly.
- Alternatively, all sections of piping exposed to freezing conditions shall be completely electrically heat traced on circuits on normal/emergency standby power.
- Outdoor/rooftop equipment shall include stairs/ladders, raised platforms, gratings, and handrails for adequate access to all main components.
- Provide adequate safety and visual screening.
- Locate primary air handling equipment and all pumps, heat exchangers in dedicated mechanical rooms, never above ceilings.
- Acoustically treat rooms and/or equipment to contain equipment noise.
- Include stairway or ships ladder to any equipment on the roof. Review with OPP and obtain approval if vertical ladders are only practical solution for existing facilities.
- Service entrance electrical room:
- A dedicated shall be located on the perimeter of the building immediately adjacent to the pad-mount transformer.
- The electrical room shall have a physical separation from the other spaces in the building (including mechanical equipment rooms) with a minimum fire resistance rating of one hour (review code for stricter requirements).
- Heating and ventilation of the main electrical room shall be dedicated to that room, and ventilation air shall not be transferred from adjacent spaces. Consider how air flow through the space will best cool any heat producing equipment.
- Size to allow for future growth of the service entrance equipment of at least 25% of design requirements. There shall be adequate initial space and “future” space to allow the installation of additional sections equal in size to the switchgear required for this project.
- If the service requires switchgear, it shall be located in the center of the room and shall allow for working clearance on ALL four sides of the equipment.
- Provide card readers on all electrical room entry doors. Reader for new buildings shall be designed in accordance with the Electronic Security System Requirements outlined in the Access Control Specification of division 28. Readers for existing buildings shall be designed to conform with and tied into the existing system in the building.
- Electrical distribution panel rooms/closets shall be dedicated spaces, with room for additional panelboard sections in the future. Transformers shall be floor mounted.
- Engine generators, when required, shall be placed on grade at the exterior or within the building. At no time will this equipment be installed above grade level or on a roof. Give consideration as to the survivability of this equipment; do not locate adjacent to the service transformer or below grade where it may be flooded.
.02 Planning of Support Services Area
- During the planning and design stages of the project, the Professional shall consider the need to provide certain support service areas that may be required for a particular project but not necessarily identified in the program. The need for the following types of areas shall be reviewed, and where appropriate, included as part of the project:
Public Telephone Location
Vending Machine Location
Central Mail Room
Central Copy Area
.03 Loading Dock Facilities
The Professional's attention is directed to the installation at loading docks and shipping and receiving areas where a canopy or roof structure may interfere with the loading and unloading of freight. The height of loading dock platforms and the height of overhead structures should be such that trucks may gain access to the dock in both loaded and unloaded conditions, compatible with facility use requirements. Refer to Section 11 13 00.
.04 Janitorial Facilities
Janitorial facilities will vary according to size, type, and use of the building, but in general 200 sq. ft. of useable custodial space shall be provided for each 20,000 gross sq. ft. of building area. The number of rooms, size and location shall be considered during preparation of preliminary studies and specific needs shall be determined in consultation with the Operations Division. At least one room per floor is required.
Mechanical Equipment: Mechanical, OTC, computer, or electrical equipment or controls shall not be located in janitorial facilities. A janitorial area shall not be used as access to mechanical equipment or other service areas.
Main Janitor Room:
Location: The preferred location for the main janitor room is on the ground floor close to a service entrance, delivery area or elevator.
Size: The minimum size shall be 200 square feet to be increased accordingly depending on the size of the building. The following guidelines apply:
- Building size of 20,000 sq. ft. and less -- 200 sq. ft. minimum
- Building size of 20,000 sq. ft -- 100,000 sq. ft. -- 300 sq. ft. minimum
- Building size of 100,000 sq. ft. -- 200,000 sq. ft. -- 500 sq. ft. minimum
- Building size over 200,000 sq. ft. plus -- consult with Buildings and Grounds Division
Sufficient space shall be provided for the storage of the custodial equipment and for the custodians to eat their lunch.
In buildings with 50,000 square feet and greater this space shall be subdivided to provide a separate locker and break area and an equipment/supply storage area.
Locker Area: The locker area shall be of sufficient size to accommodate all of the janitors for the building, based on one janitor for each 20,000 square feet of floor area to be cleaned. The room shall be sized to permit furnishing with locker and chair for each janitor and a 28 inch x 42 inch table or desk. The room shall be heated, lighted, ventilated and equipped with sink, 16 inch x 20 inch mirror, hot and cold water, 36 inch x 42 inch bulletin board, paper towel dispenser, soap dispenser, two electrical receptacles (110V), and door with separate keyed lock. The door shall be 36 inches wide with proper ventilation where required. Locker size: 15" wide, 18" deep, 72" high and slanted top. Minimum size of locker rooms shall be 200 square feet.
Equipment/Supply Storage Area: The equipment/supply area shall be of adequate size to provide space for janitor's carts, broom racks, mop racks, ladder racks, vacuum cleaners, floor care equipment, and shelving for a minimum of one month's supply of soap, toilet paper and paper towels. There shall be space under the bottom shelf for storage of mopping units, metal tubs and pails. The room shall have heat, light, ventilation, bulletin board and door with lock. Provide 110-volt, single-phase, 20-amp outlets on a separate circuit in these rooms for charging battery-powered equipment.
Refer to 112400 – Maintenance Equipment for additional requirements.
Satellite Custodial Areas:
Location: Satellite custodial areas shall be located on the upper floors of multistory buildings preferably near restrooms. In major buildings more than one space per floor is necessary. for efficient time management of work force and emergency situations.
Size: In general, 50 sq. ft. is minimal. The combined square footage of satellite spaces plus the main janitor room determines the adequacy of a building's janitorial facilities. Unusual design or shapes of satellite custodial space (i.e., long and thin, triangular, etc.) shall be avoided in order to maximize the useable space.
Equipment: Satellite custodial areas shall be equipped with a terrazzo floor level service sink, a small storage area, and shelving for small supplies. The closets shall have light, ventilation, two electrical receptacles (110V), and door with lock. The light shall have a protective lens that radiates light.
Doors: All doors to janitorial facilities shall swing out to maximize useable space. They shall be keyed to the Maintenance and Operations janitor room keying system. The doors shall be 36 inches wide with proper ventilation where required.
Refer to 112400 - Maintenance Equipment for additional requirements.
Outlets in corridors every 25 feet if carpeted and every 50 feet if non-carpeted. Also provide outlets within 10 feet of building entrances and on every floor landing in the stair wells.
.05 Single User Toilet Rooms
All buildings shall have Single User toilet rooms in the following locations:
On the main floor level.
On every floor level other than the main level, except where a Single User toilet room exists on the floor above and the floor below.
Where required by code.
Every project shall consider the location of existing Single User toilet rooms, and shall include the construction of additional toilet rooms to meet the requirements of the preceding paragraph. No exception is given to any project, except with written approval from the Manager of Design Services, Office of Physical Plant.
All single user toilet rooms shall meet the requirements of the current adopted International Building Code and Americans with Disabilities Act Standards.
- Urinal shall be included within the room.
- In "Family" designated rooms, a baby changing (Koala KB200 or prior approved equal) shall be included.
Contact Facilities Resources & Planning, Office of Physical Plant, for the appropriate room signage as defined by the PSU interior signage standards and Manager of Design Services, Office of Physical Plant for atypical plumbing fixtures and toilet accessories requests, if applicable.
.06 Refuse Container Locations
The University Park and most Commonwealth Campuses use the Dumpster system of collection. This system employs the use of six (6) and eight (8) cubic yard metal containers and a twenty-four (24) yard capacity packer-type truck to mechanically lift and dump the cans. The overall dimensions of the containers are 80 1/4 inches wide (for any size) x 59 1/4 inches x 76 inches high (based on standard six (6) yard container).
Containers should not be located under roof overhangs, immediately next to combustible building construction or next to window openings. Dumpsters and containers with individual capacity of 1.5 cubic yards or more shall not be stored in buildings or placed within 5 feet of combustible walls, openings or combustible roof eave overhangs. Additionally, containers shall not obstruct doorways or fire protection system devices (hydrants, siamese connections, sprinkler control valves).
A 31 cubic yard refuse truck measures 30'-3" long overall and has a wheel base of 158 inches and an overall height of approximately 12 feet, 6 inches. An overhead clearance of approximately 20 feet is required to dump a six-yard box. The gross weight on front axle is 15,000 pounds, rear tandem axles 38,000 pounds.
Note: Measurements will vary depending on cubic capacity size of vehicle.
To service a container requires the truck operator to approach the container on an axis normal (90°) to the 80 1/4 inch width of the container.
It is preferred that the trash and recycling containers be located at road level immediately adjacent to the loading platform of the building for convenient top loading from the platform.
A concrete pad 9 feet wide by 8 feet shall be provided for each container required. The surface of the concrete pad shall be on a place parallel to the road surface where the truck stops to service the container. This is necessary to properly engage the lifting forks of the truck in the sockets of the container to be lifted.
The service road to the container shall be a minimum of 12 feet wide and of suitable construction to support the axle loads mentioned.
To turn the packer truck requires a 45 foot radius and a minimum road width on the curve of 20 feet. If servicing of the container requires turning the truck, then the above turning radius and minimum road widths should be provided.
Refuse: The University requires one 8-yard Dumpster for every 100,000 sq. ft. of building space for every 8 hours of use.
Recycling: The University requires two types of containers: one 6 cubic yard container for mixed office paper and one 6 cubic yard container for cardboard.
For each project, the Professional is required to consult with the OPP Solid Waste Management Foreman to determine exact needs, based on facility type, size, and location.
Trash compactors shall be provided with a 2 1/2" female hose connection at the fire ports. The female hose connection shall have National Standard Hose Thread.
.07 Lactating Rooms
All new buildings shall have a lactating room at the following locations.
Beside the first floor single user toilet room required in section .05 above
In existing buildings where a level "3" alteration is planned (prefer in the vicinity of the single user toilet room).
All lactating rooms shall meet the requirements of the current adopted International Building Code and the Americans with Disabilities Act Standards.
The lactating room shall contain at a minimum:
Comfortable living room style chair
Lockable storage cabinet for breast pump (min. 3-feet long by 2-feet deep)
Sink w/ counter space, soap & paper towel dispenser
Adequate refrigerator space (portable refrigerator located on or under the sink counter space)
Electric outlet (110v, 20 amp, polarized) for breast pump (located in proximity to chair)
Lockable entrance door with vacancy or occupancy I.D. tag (similar to Schlage L series mortise indicators L283-712, L283-722)
Appropriate room signage as defined by the PSU signage standards
01 10 00 SUMMARY
01 20 00 PRICE AND PAYMENT PROCEDURES
01 30 00 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS
01 35 13 Special Project Requirements
- This manual of Design and Construction Standards has been prepared by the University to guide Architects and Engineers, hereinafter referred to as the Professional, commissioned to design buildings and other facilities for The Pennsylvania State University. The information contained herein applies to the University Park Campus and all other Campuses; The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center (MSHMC); and all other locations.
- Due to Penn State's size and breadth of operations, many locations have unique operating characteristics and requirements, which must be incorporated into the project by the Professional during design.
.02 Projects at the Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
- As a fully functioning healthcare institution, the Milton S. Hershey Medical Center occupies a unique position within the University system, and therefore has many requirements and regulations that do not apply to other University locations. The Professional must coordinate all project requirements with the Office of Physical Plant HMC Design and Construction Division, and with MSHMC Facilities Planning & Construction Department.
- All construction firms performing work at the Milton S. Hershey Medical Center must have their project managers and superintendents ASHE Healthcare Construction Certified.
- In addition, the following documents describe specific requirements that apply only to projects at MSHMC. Where these documents conflict with other requirements in the Design & Construction Standards, these documents supersede other requirements:
|Hershey Architectural & Design Standards||August 2006||Describes design and construction standards for all general trades work at MSHMC.|
|Hershey MEP||August 2009||Describes design and construction standards for all mechanical and electrical trades work at MSHMC.|
|Hershey Infection Control Policy||September 2011
||Infection control requirements for all construction, renovation, and maintenance activities at MSHMC.|
01 35 20 Safety Requirements
.01 General Safety Considerations
- Runaways and ramps should be installed in all buildings where bulk supplies are handled. Ramps should have a surface providing traction.
- All glass and glazed doors used at entrances, stairwells, etc., shall have adequate push plates or bars and proper glass as required by applicable building codes or regulations.
- All windows in buildings (above ground floor) must be of the type which can be washed on both sides from the inside of the building. Where construction is such that this type of window cannot be installed, there shall be safety belt anchors placed at the outside of the windows for fastening safety belts and an outside ledge for standing not less than 12" wide. Safety belt anchors installed outside shall be a standard approved type. They shall not be the expansion bolt type.
- On all windows where the stool of the window is less than two feet from the floor, there shall be bars or other approved means provided to eliminate the possibility of falls through the windows. Casement windows or other outward projecting sash will not be used at the ground floor.
- A non-slip nosing shall be installed on all interior stairs. Nosings with grooves or other depressions tending to form trip hazards shall not be permitted. (Carborundum or similar abrasives are not permitted.)
- All outside steps must be adequately lighted. Treads and landings should have positive drainage away from the building.
- Suitable and guards shall be provided at all places such as stairwells, outside steps, bridges, loading ramps, etc. where persons are exposed to the possibility of falls from one level to another.
- All inside lighting fixtures must be placed so relamping can be accomplished with minimum effort and hazard.
- Chemical and flammable liquid storage and usage areas will be ventilated sufficiently to remove all fumes and shall be constructed in accord with all applicable codes and University requirements.
- For the University piping color code and the usual painting called for under the mechanical trades, the University uses a "Color Code" for the identification of certain equipmentment and piping. See Division 23.
.02 Roof Fall Protection and Prevention
- The Pennsylvania State University Office of Physical Plant, in its continued dedication to safety, has developed the following minimum standards to improve fall protection and prevention through proper planning, design, construction and maintenance. These standards are intended to remove fall hazards, prevent access to fall hazards, restrict movement at fall hazards and/or provide the proper fall arrest equipment as well as assist in the proper selection, care and use of fall protection equipment.
- Fall Protection Team – The Pennsylvania State University Office of Physical Plant has established a team of individuals including members of the Safety, Design Services, Work Control Center, Maintenance Programs, Roof Crew and Project Management Offices to establish, maintain and uphold Fall Protection and Prevention Standards.
- Passive Fall Protection Systems - A “passive” fall protection system refers to a system that is non-dynamic, stationary, and does not move, adapt, or change when in or out of use. Passive systems do not require the use of personal protective equipment or active participation from individuals occupying the roof. Common Passive systems on campus include parapets and guardrails.
- Active Fall Protection Systems - Active fall protection systems are dynamic and require the use of special personal protective equipment as well as active participation by the individual. Common Active systems on campus include Life Lines and Anchor Points.
- Any project which proposes to add, remove or modify any portion of the roofing system or roof-top equipment, including new construction.
- Roof Fall Protection Codes and Regulations
- The following codes and regulations and their appendices, as amended, are hereby incorporated by reference:
- OSHA 1926.500 through 502 (Fall Protection)
- OSHA 1926.502 (b) (Guardrails)
- OSHA 1926.502 (d) (Personal Fall Arrest Systems)
- OSHA 1910.23 (Guarding floor and wall openings and holes).
- OSHA 1910.27 (Ladders)
- Current IBC requirements
- PSU Ladder Detail
- General Requirements
- Any project which proposes to add, remove or modify any portion of the roofing system or roof-top equipment, including new construction, shall consult with Fall Protection Management Team during the preliminary design for concurrence on fall protection scope and approach.
- In general, passive fall protection systems such as parapet walls and/or guardrails shall be the basis of design in all situations to minimize the need for personal fall arrest systems and ongoing expenses associated with inspection, maintenance, personal protection equipment and training of such systems.
- Campus Planning and Design shall be consulted regarding the finishes of passive fall protection systems.
- New Construction
- In order to minimize the frequency of rooftop access, all serviceable equipment shall be located inside the building or outside the building at ground level.
- Passive fall protection systems such as parapet walls and/or guardrails shall be installed along all rooftop edges. Parapet walls or guardrails shall comply with all applicable design standards referenced herein.
- Roof Replacement on Existing Building
- All equipment or travel path to equipment which is located within fifteen (15) feet of edge of roof shall be protected with an approved fall protection system.
- Passive fall protection systems such as parapet walls and/or guardrails shall be installed along all rooftop edges around equipment and along travel path. Parapet walls or guardrails shall comply with all applicable design standards referenced herein.
- Should the designer determine passive fall protection is not feasible, the designer shall submit a proposal to the Project Leader for review and approval which includes, but is not limited to, details on the proposed alternative (fixed anchor points or horizontal lifeline system), evaluating the lifecycle cost comparison between the preferred passive system and the proposed alternative system, outlines the required maintenance, inspection and training requirements. No active systems may be constructed without written approval from the Project Leader.
- All other roof modifications, including the retrofitting existing roofs with the sole purpose of providing fall protection based off fall protection risk assessment priorities:
- Passive fall protection systems such as parapet walls and/or guardrails shall be installed along all rooftop edges around equipment and along travel path which is located within fifteen (15) feet from the edge of roof.
- Should the designer determine passive fall protection is not feasible, the designer shall submit a proposal to the Project Leader for review and approval which includes, but is not limited to, details on the proposed alternative (fixed anchor points or horizontal lifeline system), evaluating the lifecycle cost comparison between the preferred passive system and the proposed alternative system, outlines the required maintenance, inspection and training requirements. No active systems may be constructed without written approval from the Project Leader.
- Temporary/movable fall protection systems (i.e. portable railing, carts) may be utilized if roof is scheduled for replacement within five (5) years or as determined appropriate by the Fall Protection Team. No temporary systems may be constructed without consulting with the Fall Protection Team and written approval from the Project Leader.
- Design Criteria:
- Passive Fall Protection Systems:
- Fall protection (guards) shall extend past equipment and roof access hatches within fifteen (15) of roof edge and all roof access ladders regardless of location a minimum of six (6) feet on both sides.
- No wood material shall be used.
- Parapet wall design criteria
- Parapet walls shall measure forty-eight (48) inches from top of finished roof grade and comply with all design standards referenced in 01 35 20 Safety Requirements.
- Guardrail design criteria
- Guards must comply with IBC, OSHA and all applicable design standards as found in 1926.502 (b).
- Guards shall be a minimum of forty-eight (48) inches in height as measured from the top of finished roof grade with spacing in accordance with 2009 IBC 1013.5 and 1013.6 in order to accommodate future installation of additional roof system thickness. Exception is only considered in guardrail applications on catwalks. In this case, guards shall be a minimum of forty-two (42) inches in height as measured from the top of finished catwalk walking surface grade. All other applicable design standards apply.
- Active Fall Protection Systems:
- Anchor point design criteria
- Anchor points must comply with OSHA design standards found in 1926.502 (d).
- Anchor point quantity, spacing and load rating shall be designed to ensure two workers can work concurrently at the same location. It is the responsibility of the design professional to provide supporting calculations regarding load ratings.
- Horizontal Lifeline design criteria:
- Shall be designed in accordance with all applicable codes, regulations and manufacturers’ specifications.
- Marking and Signage
- Approved tie off locations shall be marked with stamped stainless steel tag including, but not limited to, the following information: Building number, tie off sequential number, and rating (maximum number of people allowed to hook to). Tags may be secured on structural member, adjacent to tie off, or wire connected to loop.
- Close out submittal requirement - Contractor shall provide log of tie off sequential number and information with general description of location.
- Roof Protection Diagram – The design professional shall provide a diagram to the Project Leader of each roof section which includes, but is not limited to, the following
- Locations of all fall protection features
- Load rating for each fall protection feature, if applicable
- Maximum number of people permitted on each anchor point, where applicable.
- Type of personal protection equipment required at each fall protection feature (i.e. connection devices/lanyard/retractable lanyard, etc.)
- The Project Leader is responsible for distribution of the map to the Fall Protection Team and to ensure installation on-site.
- Shall be protected per OSHA Section 1910.23(a)(4) and (e)(8)
- Fixed Ladder Access and Stairs
- Fixed ladder access and/or stairs shall be provided in accordance with OSHA 1910.27 and OSHA 1910.24.
- Guardrails shall extend beyond all ladders a minimum of six (6) feet on each side.
- All applicable Penn State University Ladder Design Standards are hereby incorporated by reference.
- ROOF HATCH OR SCUTTLE
- All roof hatches and scuttles shall be in accordance with OSHA 1910.23.(a)(3)
- Roof hatches and scuttles shall be a minimum of three (3) feet by four (4) feet.
- Basis for design of new roof hatches or scuttles shall be stair access.
- All roof hatches and scuttles with ladders shall be equipped with means of assistance for transition from access ladder onto rooftop (i.e. Ladder safety post, folding post, etc.).
- At a minimum, as-built drawings shall include, but are not limited to the precise location of all fall protection features with design criteria and identifying information
- O&M FROM DESIGNERS
- Maintenance and inspection requirements must be provided by the designer prior to final payment.
- Warranty information must be provided by the designer prior to final payment.
|PSU Ladder Detail||September 2016||Access Ladders|
01 40 00 QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
01 41 00 Regulatory Requirements
- The Professional shall design the project in compliance with all applicable Federal, State and Local codes, ordinances, laws and other regulations which have jurisdiction over the nature of the construction. If any of the above are at variance with the material in this manual, the most demanding requirements shall be observed.
- In addition to the above mentioned codes, for University owned buildings, the University uses the most current editions of the following codes and standards as design criteria:
Applicable codes of the PA Uniform Construction Code (UCC)
ANSI B31.1 Code
FM Global Standard
- Unless specifically indicated otherwise, the Professional is responsible for completing all applications and forms and producing all documents required for compliance. The University will approve and sign all forms as applicant prior to submission to regulatory agencies.
.02 Zoning and Land Use
- The process for complying with zoning or land use regulations shall be managed by the University.
- The Professional shall attend all hearings/meetings required for securing necessary approvals and permits.
- The Professional shall submit Land Development Plans to the Manager of Engineering Services for review and signature (as Owner) prior to submitting for regulatory approval. At least one complete set of documents shall be included.
- The Professional shall complete all zoning permit applications and send them to the Manager of Engineering Services for review and signature (as Owner/Applicant) prior to submitting for regulatory approval.
.03 Building Permits
- The Professional shall be responsible for completing all the appropriate planning modules, soil erosion control plans and other documents which may be required. Documents requiring University signature (as Owner/Applicant) shall be submitted to the Manager of Engineering Services for signature.
- The Professional shall be responsible for obtaining whatever permission necessary to connect to non-University owned utility lines. Utility service applications shall be submitted to the Manager of Engineering Services for signature.
.05 Environmental Regulations and Permits
- Due to the size and breadth of its operations, the University may have regulatory compliance requirements that exceed those found on non-University projects. To assist Professionals in their obligation to design in compliance with regulations, the University provides the following documents:
Document Version Date Description Environmental Regulatory Compliance Checklist April 2016 This checklist is provided to assist with regulatory compliance with environmental issues associated with a project Environmental Regulatory Compliance Checklist Addendum November 2013 This Addendum is intended to provide basic explanatory information on each item in the Environmental Compliance checklist. It does not include every requirement for each topic.
- The professional shall prepare and submit the Environmental Compliance Checklist:
- During the Schematic Design phase for large or complex projects, and other circumstances the Project Leader deems appropriate. A second submittal at Construction Document phase is required.
- At the completion (or near completion) of Construction Documents, and prior to bidding on all projects, regardless of size.
- In response to the Environmental Compliance Checklist, Engineering Services and EH&S shall provide draft Compliance Plans. It is the responsibility of the Design Professional to complete these plans and implement them to ensure regulatory compliance.
01 50 00 TEMPORARY FACILITIES AND CONTROLS
01 56 10 Temporary Protection of Outdoor Air Intakes
- All construction projects shall include well-defined requirements to provide temporary methods to protect existing outside air intakes of nearby facilities. Protective methods shall prevent dust/debris and odors from construction activities (sitework, demolition or new work) from being drawn into mechanical systems. Methods shall protect all existing HVAC system components (louvers, dampers, ductwork, filters, coils, fans, control sensors, etc.) from damage and deterioration due to dirt buildup and to maintain acceptable indoor air quality.
- Methods may include, but not necessarily limited to, any combination of the following:
- particulate air filtration,
- noxious or hazardous odor/gas/volatile compounds/noxious fume filtration-absorption,
- temporary extensions of outside air intakes to avoid very localized sources of contamination.
01 56 16 Temporary Dust Barriers and Construction Indoor Air Quality Control Plan
- Scope: These requirements apply to all renovation projects that entail sanding, cutting, grinding/mechanical abrasion, spraying, welding/related activities, or other activities that generate significant amounts of airborne particles, fumes, or aerosols, or activities that generate significant amounts of gaseous contaminants conducted in occupied facilities.
- Construction Areas – Construction areas include those areas of a facility/building under temporary or permanent construction or renovation. Construction areas may be present in occupied or unoccupied facilities.
- Continuous Duration Construction Work – Construction work activity necessarily conducted for greater than 1 week, and which may include multiple user spaces, or cross departmental areas in a given building, such as a building wing, floor, or multiple contiguous or non-contiguous groups of areas.
- Limited, Short-Duration Construction Work – Construction work activity necessarily conducted for approximately 1 week or less, and which is conducted within a well-defined space such as an office, common room, conference room, etc.
- Occupied Areas – Occupied facility areas include any areas of a facility which may be routinely or intermittently occupied by building occupants, guests of building occupants, or dedicated maintenance or custodial personnel.
- Occupied Facilities – Occupied facilities shall include facilities which may be accessed by faculty or staff during any period of a 24-hour day, including daytime and nighttime hours.
- Public Areas – Public areas associated with construction work may include: common building areas, which may be occupied by the general public, or nearby outdoor areas such as public walkways, parks or seating areas, that may be directly impacted by the building-related construction activity.
- Sensitive Work Areas – Certain work areas such as specialized biological, chemical or instrumental laboratories, other research areas, food packaging or production areas, or other controlled work environments, which may require specialized controls and procedures to comply with Codes or other requirements, and to protect occupants, processes, and equipment.
- Unoccupied Facilities – Unoccupied facilities shall include facilities which are permanently or temporarily closed to occupants due to non-use, or substantial construction, in which environmental management systems are disengaged or significantly adjusted for temporary/construction requirements.
- Contract Documents: Shall include well-defined requirements to provide temporary dust barriers and all necessary means and methods during construction activities to prevent dust/debris, fumes, chemicals, odors and sources of airborne contamination associated with construction activities (site work, demolition, renovation, additions, new construction, etc.) from being distributed into and throughout the occupied areas.
- These requirements shall protect and maintain:
- Clean and safe working conditions and adequate indoor air quality (IAQ) for all occupants. Comply with requirements in ASHRAE Standard 62.1 - Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality (2010 or current), Construction & System Start-Up.
- Existing building construction and associated system components (louvers, dampers, ductwork, filters, coils, fans, control sensors, computers, equipment, etc.) from damage and deterioration due to construction activities.
- Construction Indoor Air Quality and HVAC-Control Plan (Construction IAQ Plan): Contract documents shall require contractor to submit coordination drawing(s) and narrative to the University that summarizes the Indoor Air Quality and HVAC-Control measures proposed for use, the proposed locations, and proposed time frame for their operation.
- The Construction IAQ and HVAC-Control Plan shall include the following:
- Construction features and locations of all dust-control partitions at each phase of work.
- Location of proposed negative air and/or air-filtration system(s) and discharge(s).
- HVAC system isolation procedures and schematic drawings (as needed).
- Waste handling staging and procedures.
- Other specific dust-control measures, pertinent to the scope of work.
- Identify further options if proposed measures are later determined to be inadequate.
- Periodic inspections with contract representative.
- Project communications plan supporting timely notifications with the contract representative and occupants regarding project status, changes in work, or conditions affecting occupancy considerations or IAQ.
- Means of monitoring negative air and/or air-filtration systems(s), discharges and airborne dust levels for continuous duration work, where specified in consultation with OPP Safety, EHS and OPP Engineering Services.
- The Construction IAQ Plan shall be reviewed and approved by the OPP Safety Office, and with support or guidance by the Environmental Health and Safety office and OPP Engineering Services representatives, prior to commencing work.
- Contract documents shall define the materials and equipment required for the project specific application to meet the intent of this section. This may include, but not be limited, to the following:
- Adhesive-Surface Walk-off Mats.
- Polyethylene Sheet - reinforced, fire-resistive type.
- Modular Dust Barrier systems, similar to Zipwall, https://www.zipwall.com/.
- Modular Work Area Dust Containment Enclosures (aka “cubes”), mobile or stationary, similar to those manufactured by:
- Abatement Technologies, Inc., Aire Guardian.
- Akon http://www.curtain-and-divider.com/dust-containment-enclosures/.
- Mintie Technologies.
- Field-fabricated Temporary Partitions with the appropriate assembly of components constructed as required to meet the application.
- Negative Pressure (Exhaust) Systems.
- Air Filtration Systems.
- HEPA-filtered vacuum cleaners.
- Acoustic Insulation.
- General: Project specific dust barriers and other dust and fume control methods shall be selected according to the duration, type and extent of construction work activity employed, as above defined for limited or continuous construction work activity.
- Also consider the critical nature of airborne particulate, gas or vapor control, or containment of contaminants generated by construction activities with respect to adjacent occupants (e.g. general service areas, general office space, sensitive research labs or occupied healthcare facilities). These considerations impact determination of the necessary types, and extent of partitions and/or controls.
- The OPP Safety Office, and/or EHS, and OPP Engineering Services shall be contacted for guidance and support in making necessary determinations of the appropriate measures as pertinent to the project scope.
- Maintain operation of temporary barriers and other dust and fume control methods on a 24-hour basis where required to achieve indicated results and to avoid possibility of adverse impact to occupants or property damage.
- Consideration shall also be given to controlling noise transmission to occupied areas, where applicable.
- Temporary Dust Barriers: Select and erect dust barriers/partitions according to the type and duration of work specific to each project.
- Limited, Short-Duration Construction Work:
- Isolate work area within, or contiguous to, occupied areas by means of portable, stable, modular dust barrier “Zipwall” systems of plastic sheathing or modular dust containment enclosure “cubes” for the duration of the work.
- Appropriate selection of the modular barrier/enclosure will depend on the scope of the work and the relative sensitivity of the adjacent occupied areas.
- Continuous Duration Construction Work:
- Isolate work within or contiguous to occupied areas by means of constructing and maintaining temporary walls, partitions and/or plastic sheathing for the duration of the work, which are constructed to seal out project dusts and/or vapors from occupied areas.
- Project specifications shall define construction of such partitions to best fit the specific needs of the application. Considerations shall include:
- Construction materials and assemblies used shall be appropriate for maintaining dust barrier integrity, and security, as applicable for the scope and duration of the project.
- Any required fire-resistance rated temporary construction barriers.
- Acoustic insulation to control noise transmission to occupied areas.
- Sealing of all joints, and perimeter of partitions.
- Construct partitions with gasketed or sealable dust-proof doors and security locks where secure openings are required.
- Collection and Extraction Dust Control Methods within Work Area: Use combination of industry best practice methods to collect and/or exhaust dust or fumes as close to source as practical to prevent dust, fumes, and odors from entering occupied areas.
- Install filtered vacuum collection attachments directly on significant dust and fume-producing equipment.
- Potentially toxic, noxious, or fine/ultra-fine materials shall require HEPA-or pertinent absorption filtration. Toxic or noxious materials may include: organic vapors or solvents from product application, silica-containing dusts generated by mechanical abrasion or cutting, asbestos, carbon monoxide by equipment exhaust or heaters, metal fumes by welding, etc. Consult OPP Safety or EHS for assistance.
- General Particulate air filtration:
- Control general dust within work area using air-filtration units, starting with commencement of temporary partition construction, and continuing until removal of temporary partitions is complete.
- Air filtration shall consider the type and nature of contaminants present.
- The presence of potentially toxic, noxious, or fine-ultra fine particulates shall require at least primary/secondary pre-filtration with HEPA-filtration.
- Arrange and initiate measures to exhaust/de-pressurize the construction work area, and/or pressurize contiguous occupied areas. Local exhaust ventilation equipment shall be configured to run continuously, or as determined necessary to safely contain and exhaust the particulates. Sensitive Work Areas may require specialized pressurization controls. Consult OPP Safety, EHS, and OPP Engineering Services for assistance in defining specialized controls.
- Vapor or gas extraction: Wherever toxic or noxious gases or vapors may be present, these shall be safely and effectively exhausted from the construction work area, and in a manner so as not to adversely impact occupied areas, or adjacent public areas, also including outdoor shipping docks, walk- or service ways or building entries. Provide single, pushbutton, high-visibility, Emergency Power Off (EPO) switch for emergency shutoff in conspicuous location.
- Dust-control adhesive-surface walk-off mats (36” x 60” minimum size) at each entrance through temporary partitions.
- Perform daily construction clean-up and final clean-up using approved collection methods.
- Perform necessary inspections and project communications as further described at Sections E and F.
- HVAC Isolation/Protection: Prior to commencing work, isolate the HVAC system to fullest extent possible in construction areas where work is to be performed according to construction documents. Specific measures may necessarily include:
- Ideally existing air handling systems affected by construction areas should be shut down to the fullest extent possible during the construction period.
- Disconnect and temporarily cap supply and return ductwork in work area from HVAC systems servicing occupied areas.
- If existing air systems cannot be disconnected and capped within work area for whatever reason, then provide adequate filter media on all remaining return inlets in the work area, carefully attached and sealed to prevent bypass around filter media.
- Filter media shall be minimum MERV 8; similar to TRI-DEK #8 media as manufactured by Tri-Dim Filter Corp.
- Replace clogged filter media periodically for duration of work.
- At end of construction, interior of such ducts kept in service during construction activities shall be thoroughly inspected and cleaned as required to remove dirt and debris that resulted from construction activities.
- Note: Check interior conditions of return ducts prior to construction. If existing ducts are found to be dirty prior to start of construction, advise the Project Manager. Overall duct cleaning of existing dirty duct systems is not intended to be work of this section.
- Other special hazardous and sensitive area applications: If existing air handling systems serving other Sensitive Work Areas and/or in hazardous work areas must be left operational, and return air systems pass through the construction work area, then in addition to the above, provide appropriate higher level filtration (up to MERV 16 depending on the type of dust/contaminant source) to adequately protect all surfaces in contact with the airstream of existing air handling systems from being contaminated by construction activities. Evaluate existing air systems and consult with OPP Safety, EHS, and OPP Engineering Services in these specialized filtration requirements.
- Inspections: During construction activities, periodic inspections shall be performed by the contractor(s) in coordination with the Penn State contract representative to ensure these provisions are routinely implemented.
- Upon completion of construction activities, a final inspection shall be conducted to ensure proper demobilization of all barriers and temporary measures are complete, and that remnants of these features are removed.
- Inspection findings shall be communicated with designated building owner representatives, as needed for building owners to keep occupants informed of project progress.
- Project Communications: Project communications should be planned with respect to work planning throughout the project duration.
- Communications shall occur regularly regarding inspections, project status, or project changes which may affect occupant perceptions of IAQ.
- These should routinely occur between the contract parties, the contract representative, and the facility coordinator or designee supporting timely communications with building occupants.
01 60 00 PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS
.01 Penn State has set up purchasing contracts with many area vendors. These vendors offer a quality product, a high level of support service, product warranties, and have a proven history as a valued supplier. Our vendor contracts allow materials to be purchased at reduced costs. The University requires the Professional specify only FF&E materials offered through these purchasing contracts. The Professional may request in writing any exceptions to the above requirements. These exceptions must be submitted to the Project Manager, and will be reviewed by OPP and Penn State Purchasing Services.
.02 In addition Professionals are encouraged when practical to specify other materials offered by the Penn State purchasing contracts. Contractor's desiring to use Penn State's pricing should reference the Penn State project number or Purchase Order number on orders. See Penn State's Vendor Contracts web site for companies currently under contract with Penn State. Please contact the purchasing agent listed for the category of materials, if unsure how to use the contract number, and to confirm availability of the contract.
01 70 00 EXECUTION AND CLOSEOUT REQUIREMENTS
01 78 46 Attic Stock
.01 General Requirements
- Summary: Section includes basic guidelines to meet the objective to reduce or eliminate Attic Stock for the following reasons:
- There is no process in place for verifying that the specified items have been received.
- Contractors tend to leave behind construction excess in mechanical rooms, causing a safety hazard.
- Items are often lost or forgotten about in remote locations.
- These items typically cost much more than direct purchase due to vendor, subcontractor, and contractor markup.
- Credits for items not received are small fractions of initial value.
- Sustainability Goal: It is the Goal of the Office of Physical Plant to reduce the environmental impact of disposal of building/construction materials.
- Materials which remain at the completion of a construction project will be reviewed with the building representative to remain as attic stock for their owners’ usage or transferred to Salvage and Surplus to be sold; rather than being thrown away, minimizing construction waste.
- Any pieces and parts which are consumables and unable to be reused will be disposed of by following University standards for their proper disposal.
- Attic Stock Requests: Unless specifically requested by the Project Leader, “attic stock” (Additional material and accessories designated in the design specifications, including but not limited to ceiling tile, fire alarm devices, door hardware, etc.) shall not be included in the individual project design specifications. Do not provide a separate attic stock requirement in individual specification sections. All requested attic stock shall be located in this specification section.
- Any requests for specific attic stock shall come from Entities (i.e. Classroom Committee, Electronics, Environmental Engineering) during Design Development as described below.
- During Design Development an Entity may request the design documents to provide their unit with attic stock items from the contractor at the completion of the project (i.e. alarms, control boards, equipment pieces and parts) If these items are requested, the requester will take ownership of verifying the items are received and providing location to keep and store these items. They are not to be left at the building site.
- Attic stock material specifically requested by the Project Leader shall be coordinated through OPP Stores at University Park or the Maintenance Supervisors at Commonwealth Campus locations. Items not inventoried in this manner will not be accepted, and an appropriate credit shall be provided to the owner.
- Questions regarding implementation may be directed to the Project Leader.
- Acceptance: The transfer of goods from an outside entity to the owner that has been documented and acknowledged by both parties in writing.
- Attic Stock: Additional material and accessories designated in the design specifications, including but not limited to ceiling tile, fire alarm devices, door hardware, etc. Requests come from entities i.e. Classroom Committee, Electronics, Environmental Engineering.
- Design Manual: Guidelines for use by the design team to develop project designs. Currently available on the OPP design and construction site.
- Design Specifications: Project Documents issued with the construction documents that detail individual components. Typically developed by the design professional.
- Entity: Project participant or end user.
- Spare Parts: Parts or equipment components that are included in the purchase of the original equipment, and are provided by the OEM for use by the owner.
- Items not considered Attic Stock:
- Any item not identified in the design specifications in the Attic Stock section.
- Perishable materials i.e. Paint, adhesives.
- Project leftovers i.e. pipe, conduit, electrical boxes, floor tile, ceiling tile, carpet.
- Casement items i.e. cabinets, lab table tops, office components.
- Spare Parts, included by the OEM with installed equipment.
- Paint/Perishable Material:
- Contract documents shall require the painting Contractor to store all left-over paint until final completion. This will allow repairs to be made after the customer move-in while not jeopardizing the safety within the mechanical spaces.
- After Final Completion is over, the project leader will contact the Area Services Supervisor to decide if perishable items are to be stored or sent to Surplus and Salvage.
- Mechanical Room storage:
- Mechanical spaces located in the facilities are not to be used by building occupants for storage of any kind.
- The Area Services Supervisor along with their staff may identify a location within the mechanical space will be marked and used for storage of the accepted attic stock items for the facility.
- Properly identifying and marking locations for attic stock is necessary so as not to encroach into working areas of the mechanical room and to comply with safety regulations to allow assured clear distance for working on equipment. These locations will be approved by safety office for such compliance.
- Area Maintenance Supervisor/Project Leader Walk Through Process:
- Provides a process for accountability and end of project notification for the Area Supervisor.
- Entities will be responsible for storage of requested stock.
- Area Maintenance Supervisor and Project Leader to decide what materials should stay.
- Contractor accountable for leftover items.
- No materials shall be trashed.
- Material Acceptance and Ownership:
- Building materials remaining which would be considered attic stock will be reviewed with the Area Supervisor who will be maintaining the facility; they will take ownership of items to be kept in a documented storage location.
- The Area Supervisor will own these items, until such time they deem it necessary to transfer ownership to Salvage and Surplus.
- Any items not accepted by the Area Supervisor during the walk-thru review will be removed from the facility by the contractor being retained by them or taken to Salvage and Surplus.
.02 Guide Specifications
- Design Professional shall carefully review and edit the guideline specifications below, adapting them as needed to achieve application-specific, fully developed specifications for each project.
- These shall be edited using the process described in the instructions contained at the beginning of the document. Proposed modifications shall be reviewed with OPP staff.
- Finalized version shall be included in the project contract documents. Use of other specifications is not acceptable.
|017846 - Attic Stock Guidespec||Dec. 6, 2012||
This guide specification is intended to provide general OPP minimum specification requirements for Attic Stock
01 80 00 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
01 81 13 Sustainable Design Requirements
.01 Owner General Requirements and Design Intent
- General: All building projects shall be designed and constructed using best practices in an integrated, holistic, balanced way to achieve high-performance facilities that are safe, productive, comfortable, pleasant, and conserve resources such as energy, water and raw materials; and minimize or prevent environmental degradation over their useful life.
- In order to achieve the general intent above, the following primary sustainable design and construction concepts shall be diligently and intelligently applied within the scope of each project.
- Optimize Site Potential
- Enhance Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ)
- Optimize Energy Efficiency
- Optimize Water Use Efficiency
- Minimize the Building’s Impact on the Atmosphere, Materials and Resources
- Optimize Construction and Operations Plans to verify quality control and maintain ongoing high-performance operation.
- Decision-making throughout the project shall be on the basis of achieving the lowest total cost of ownership for the life cycle of the project.
.02 Owner's High-Performance Requirements
- General: Apply advanced, best practice design guidelines and standards, along with creative innovation and judgment to obtain the optimum performance for each project. The Building Code establishes only MINIMUM requirements. Therefore it shall NOT to be used as the basis of defining OPTIMAL design and construction.
- High-Performance Building Design Standards: Building projects shall comply with ASHRAE Standard 90.1 Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings, 2010 version AND as superseded by more stringent requirements of ASHRAE Standard 189.1 Standard for the Design of High-Performance Green Buildings, 2011 version. The Mandatory and Prescriptive requirements shall form the minimum basis of design. Higher performance options wherever they can achieve lowest total cost of ownership are encouraged.
- This shall apply to:
- New buildings and their systems
- New additions and their systems
- Renewals of buildings and their systems
- New systems and equipment in renovations of existing buildings, including Level 1, 2 and 3 Alterations, as defined in the International Existing Building Code, Chapter 4.
- OPP Exceptions: The following Exceptions to the energy standards cited above are presently recommended by OPP Engineering Services. These or other requirements embedded within the standards above that could result in a HIGHER total cost of ownership for the life cycle of a given project shall be reviewed with OPP Project Management and Engineering Services.
- ASHRAE 90.1-2010
- 8.4.2 Automatic Receptacle Control: The requirement for controlled receptacles lags behind technology by a code cycle or two. Old office equipment, computers, etc. were wasteful prior to ENERGY STAR requirements for standby operation. Most occupants will be annoyed by electric receptacles turning off automatically, whether on a time schedule or via sensors, and install plug strips on uncontrolled outlets to avoid them. Engineering Services doubts that the additional cost of these measures (including a sensor or scheduled control device, relay, and 2x wiring) will ever pay back in actual energy savings. Limited use is supported if there are locations that make sense. Perhaps dedicated outlets for coffee makers, vending machines, and similar loads could be on a scheduled control device.
- ASHRAE 189.1-2011
- 7.3.3 Energy Consumption Management: Electrical subsystem metering in accordance with Table 184.108.40.206B
- Historically the incremental costs to accomplish this, including associated staffing commitment, has been considered to be unjustifiable with respect to the effective, realized benefit. Accountability of building energy consumption is valuable and can be accomplished in other ways that are more manageable and cost-effective. Review cost-effective metering/monitoring options with OPP Engineering Services where they can and should be applied to most strategically monitor performance of major energy uses.
- Note: Variable Frequency Drives have consumption metering functions and thus shall be set up to perform this intent for such HVAC motor loads.
- 7.4.1 On-Site Renewable Energy Systems: Historically this has been difficult to cost-effectively justify at University Park. However, it is recognized that energy costs and project specific conditions will vary. Therefore, perform Life Cycle Cost Analysis on marginal cases to verify it can be applied in a practical and cost-effective manner to achieve the lowest total cost of ownership.
- 220.127.116.11 Exhaust Air Energy Recovery: Use Table 18.104.22.168 as a prescriptive guide, but perform Life Cycle Cost Analysis on marginal cases to verify it can be applied in a practical and cost-effective manner to achieve the lowest total cost of ownership. For instance, trying to implement it into existing facilities with various space or infrastructure constraints might make it unreasonably cost prohibitive.
- Submit formal requests for other exceptions to the OPP Project Manager. The OPP Project Manager shall review and obtain approval by the Director of Energy and Engineering and one of the Associate Vice Presidents.
- Building Envelope Energy Component: The Architect / Lead Design Professional shall be held contractually responsible to optimize the thermal performance of the building envelope, evaluated as its own energy component.
- The building envelope energy component budget shall be limited to that which would be achieved by using the Building Envelope requirements in the Mandatory Provisions and Prescriptive Option with values as superseded in ASHRAE 189.1. Refer to ASHRAE 90.1, Section 5 and ASHRAE 189.1, Section 7.
- If the Building Envelope Trade-Off Option is used, then the proposed building envelope performance factor shall be less than or equal to the budget envelope performance factor (as defined above).
- In other words, it is prohibited to apply the trade-off concept in a way that would require additional HVAC and Electrical system capacity and/or any combination of the remaining energy components to be reduced to make up the difference of a proposed design that exceeds the allowable building envelope energy budget.
- Design Phase Compliance Documentation: Submit a Building Envelope Energy Compliance Report signed and sealed by the lead Design Professional certifying the Building Envelope Energy Component complies with the performance requirements of this standard. Submit for Owner Review prior to any official design approvals by the University, including final design approval by the Board of Trustees. Sample Building Envelope Compliance Forms are available in ASHRAE 90.1, User’s Manual, Compliance Forms, Section 5 – Envelope.
.03 LEED Certification Requirements
- All new and renewed facilities shall be Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certified.
- LEED Certification shall follow the current version of the "PSU LEED Policy".
Special Note: This document is currently under revision due to the migration to LEED V4. Any questions on credit migration from LEED V3 to LEED V4 should be directed to the OPP project manager until this revision is completed.
.04 Owner's High-Performance Thermal Envelope Requirements
Summary: The following includes the University's supplemental requirements for high-performance thermal envelopes to optimize energy efficiency and indoor thermal comfort. They are intended to provide supplemental details to be used with, not take the place of, the high-performance building design standards referenced elsewhere in this Section.
- Applies to thermal envelope of new construction and additions.
- Renewed facilities and/or renovations of spaces that retain the exterior facade for historic or other reasons shall include evaluations to improve the thermal envelope to meet this intent as much as cost effectively practical to achieve the lowest long-term life cycle cost.
- Any exceptions shall require approval by the OPP Project Manager, and exceptions by the OPP Project Manager shall require approval by one of the Associate Vice Presidents.
- Other aspects of the building envelope such as materials selection for longevity and minimum maintenance, moisture, and pest protection, etc., are covered elsewhere.
Integrated Design Process: The envelope design shall be coordinated in an iterative, integrated process to:
- Meet the functional and aesthetic architectural objectives.
- Help achieve comfortable and pleasant indoor environmental conditions with effective combined use of passive elements.
- Be purposefully integrated with the HVAC and lighting systems to minimize dependence on non-renewable energy use and associated owning and operating costs for the life of the building.
- Avoid envelope decisions made in isolation that can directly lead to permanent, poor comfort conditions that require additional HVAC systems and non-renewable energy sources to compensate.
- Optimize Passive Effectiveness of Envelope: Design the envelope with the combination, arrangement, and thermal characteristics of envelope assemblies to achieve balance of aesthetics, vision glazing, effective daylighting, and passive energy conserving methods to provide a comfortable indoor environment to support the productivity and well-being of building occupants. The intent is to first passively minimize basic causes of local thermal discomfort. Then provide mechanical heating and cooling system only as minimally needed to make up for otherwise unavoidable perimeter heat gain/loss. Use innovation, industry-recognized high-performance building prescriptive compliance methods, and the University's Design and Construction Standards, and additional guidelines below.
- Thermal performance of envelope assemblies shall comply with ASHRAE Standard 189.1 Standard for the Design of High-Performance Green Buildings: In general, comply with the prescriptive thermal performance requirements for the building envelope elements as defined in Chapter 7; Energy Efficiency.
- Define superior continuous air, moisture, and thermal barriers: Include clearly defined construction details and specifications of performance criteria to achieve and maintain superior integrity and interfaces of air infiltration, moisture intrusion, and thermal barrier assemblies. Avoid thermal bridging.
- Fenestration Limitations: Comply with the following:
- In general, the area of vertical and skylight fenestration shall not exceed the percentages in the prescriptive option of ASHRAE Standard 189.1.
- Exclude from the ratio calculations the wall areas from unconditional and semi-heated, unoccupied spaces. Refer to Overall Total Fenestration Ratio Calculation.
- For renovations and additions, these percentages shall be based on the affected thermal wall or roof area within the boundary of the project scope, not on the total wall or roof area of an existing facility. In other words, the total existing wall area of a building with a lower existing window to wall ratio cannot be multiplied by the maximum window to wall ratio in order to add a large new high percentage of glazed areas. This applies similarly with skylights area and existing roofs. Only the assembly areas within the construction limits of the project shall be considered.
- If there is an agreed upon compelling justification for the proposed vertical or skylight fenestration areas to exceed the prescriptive limits, then see Design Phase Compliance Documentation, Performance Rating Method elsewhere in this section for more details.
- Maintain a minimum of thirty (30) inches of an insulated assembly equal to the typical opaque wall assembly U-value from floor to window sill in all regularly occupied spaces such as offices, classrooms, laboratories, conference rooms, etc. This assembly may include curtain wall construction with various options of exterior opaque spandrel glass as part of pre-fabricated insulated composite panels or field installed insulation and wall finishes on interior surface.
- Note: this is primarily a thermal comfort issue to help avoid cooler vertical surfaces near occupant's lower extremities and to allow wall space for installation and proper operation of perimeter heating system and recognizing that glazing below 30" does not count for daylighting glazing areas.
- Lobby, entry and other transient, non-assigned spaces may be excluded.
- Limit the amount of vision/daylight vertical glazing of the interior wall surface area of perimeter walls of fully conditioned, regularly occupied spaces as required to meet ASHRAE 55 thermal comfort design criteria.
- Large glazed areas can significantly affect comfort of nearby occupants, even with high performance glazing. Discomfort results from poor Mean Radiant Temperature, asymmetric thermal radiation effects, and uncomfortable drafts due to convection and /or air infiltration at window frame, storefront or curtainwall assemblies. By careful, integrated design of the envelope, strategic size and location of glazing, and the HVAC system, it can be possible to reduce or eliminate the need for the installation and operation of dedicated perimeter radiant heating systems typically required to offset these effects.
- Lobby, entry and other transient, non assigned spaced may be excluded.
- Specify high-performance glazing: Optimally select glazing performance for each orientation to achieve the following:
- At a minimum, comply with the prescriptive thermal performance requirements for the building envelope elements as defined in ASHRAE Standard 189.1 Chapter 7; Energy Efficiency.
- Options for U-value, Solar Heat Gain Coefficient and Visual Light Transmittance and spectrally selective tints or coatings that are better than those prescribed by ASHRAE 189.1 shall be considered where advantageous to obtain lowest total cost of ownership and included as Energy Conservation Measure alternate bids.
- Comply with requirements in 08 50 00 WINDOWS.
- If the project specifically intends to properly optimize effective passive solar heating, south facing windows glazing may have a higher SHGC if fully integrated with properly exterior shading devices.
- Integrate permanent projections for effective exterior solar shading: Combine use of insets, overhangs, horizontal or vertical fins, and light shelves applied with respect to building orientation and seasonal sun angles of site to minimize solar heat gain during cooling season, allow beneficial solar gain in heating season, and minimize discomfort caused by glare.
- At a minimum, comply with prescriptive requirements in ASHRAE Standard 189.1 for Permanent Projections on east, south, and west fenestration.
- A combination of vertical and horizontal shading is more effective than just horizontal shading on the east and west facades of buildings because the sun is low in the sky early in the morning and late afternoon.
- Note: Internal shading devices shall be considered only for glare control, not as equivalent alternatives to external shading for HVAC load reduction.
- Custom patterns of opaque reflective finishes on the exterior surfaces of glazing (i.e. "fritting") shall not be considered a direct substitute for true shading projections. It is not as effective, is difficult or nearly impossible to match exact color with respect to fading of adjacent glazing, and from experience has been extremely expensive to replace because of requiring customer orders and set-up charges.
- Design for effective, integrated daylighting: Combine strategic
fenestration placement, interior light shelves applied on predominately
southern exposures and other glare control methods such as louvers,
blinds, fins and shades achieve beneficial indirect daylight and to
avoid high contrast levels that cause visual discomfort. Integrate
daylight harvesting with interior lighting design and controls. Refer
to 26 51 00 INTERIOR LIGHTING.
- Horizontal blinds are more effective on predominately south facing exposures.
- Vertical blinds are more effective on predominately east and west facing exposures.
- Integrate Natural Ventilation Option with HVAC Systems and controls: If operable windows are included to allow for natural ventilation, then coordinate HVAC system zoning and controls to automatically turn off associated HVAC equipment when windows are opened either automatically or manually.
- Automatic Ventilation Mode: If and when outside air conditions are determined to be able to provide satisfactory indoor comfort, windows shall be automatically opened and the associated HVAC system shall be off when in natural ventilation mode.
- Manual: If windows are manually operable and intended for natural ventilation, use sensors and control strategies to interlock HVAC systems to zone controls to be off when windows are open..
- Comply with ASHRAE 55 Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy: The thermal envelope shall be optimized to passively assist in achieving the following comfort criteria.
- ASHRAE 55-2010, Section 5.2, Method for Determining Acceptable Thermal Conditions in Occupied Spaces:
- Operative Temperature (average air temperature and Mean Radiant Temperature);
- Allowable Radiant Temperature Asymmetry;
- Allowable Vertical Air Temperature Difference;
- Allowable Range of Floor Temperature.
- Perform calculations and analysis for representative spaces and make iterations to thermal envelope first and then lastly to the HVAC systems as necessary to comply.
- Design Professional shall submit formal compliance documentation to indicate how the integrated thermal envelope and HVAC design complies with these requirements in accordance with ASHRAE 55, Chapter 6: Compliance.
- Envelope Energy Component Compliance Documentation: Refer to basic requirements in Part .02, Paragraph C. Building Envelope Energy Component, above.
- Prescriptive Method: The Building Envelope Energy Compliance Report shall include the following, in tabular form:.
- General project information including project name and location, contact information of Design Professional, and climate zone of reference design standard/code.
- Mandatory Provisions checklist.
- Opaque Surfaces Performance Summary: For each space conditioning category, summarize each opaque surface assembly including the thermal performance of proposed and prescriptive budget criteria values (max U/min R, values, high reflective/emittance factors, and surface areas). Provide line items breakdowns for each building elevation.
- Fenestration Performance Summary: For each space conditioning category, summarize windows and skylights including the thermal performance of proposed and prescriptive budget criteria values (max U/min R, values, SHGF, infiltration rates, external shading projection factors, and surface areas). Provide summaries for each building elevation.
- \Window to Wall Ratios Summary: Include Gross Wall Area and Window Area and Window to Wall Ratio, per elevation and total.
- Skylight to Roof Ration Summary: Include Gross Roof Area, Skylight Area and Ratio.
- Overall Floor Areas: Include area summaries of each space conditioning category: Non-Residential Conditioned space, Residential Conditioned Space, Semi-heated space, and the total of all of the above.
- Performance Rating Method: If using this option, perform a quantitative analysis as early as possible in the design process to develop the envelope as a distinct component that meets the requirements defined in this Section. Submit the analysis to document energy reduction achieved as part of the Building Envelope Compliance Report prior to any official design approvals.
- The analysis shall include preliminary, simplified heating and cooling energy calculations of the Building Envelope Energy Component to show quantified energy reduction between proposed Design and prescriptive budget envelope model.
- As stated earlier, any trade-off must be considered within the building envelope energy component itself.
- LEED Requirements: On projects that require a whole building Energy Simulation Model, submit the final certified Compliance Report of Optimizing Energy Performance, signed and sealed by the Design Professional. Report shall include summaries of comparisons of the Design Building of each of the ASHRAE 90.1 Energy Components and the total to the budget (baseline) model.
- Quality Assurance: Project Specification shall include the following quality assurance requirements:.
- Contractor shall coordinate and schedule all test and inspection requirements with Owner's Commissioning Agent and/or testing agency.
- Field Quality Control:
- Mockups (for new construction): Before beginning installation of thermal, air, and moisture barriers, contractor shall build mockups of exterior wall assembly shown on Drawings, of size no less than 150 sq. ft., incorporating backup wall construction, external cladding, window, door frame and sill, insulation, and flashing to demonstrate surface preparation, crack and joint treatment, and sealing of gaps, terminations, and penetrations of thermal, air and moisture barrier membranes. Include junction with roofing membrane, building corner condition, and foundation wall intersection. Coordinate construction of mockup to permit inspection by Owner's testing agency of components before external insulation and cladding is installed.
- Inspections: Materials and installation are subject to inspection for compliance with requirements.
- Tests: Testing to be performed will be determined by Owner's testing agency as follows:
- Qualitative Testing: Air barrier assemblies shall be tested for evidence of air leakage according to current ASTM E1186 Standard Practices for Air Leakage Site Detection in Building Envelopes and Air Barrier Systems.
- Infared thermal imaging shall be performed on the completed building envelop during the first heating and cooling season and reports submitted by Owner's Commissioning/Testing Agency. Areas showing "hot/cold spots" of unacceptable thermal losses shall be investigated and repaired.
- Remediation: Deficient air, moisture, and thermal barrier components shall be investigated, removed and replaced and retested for compliance until satisfactory at no additional cost to the University.
- Building Enclosure Commissioning (BECx): When Building Enclosure (Envelope) Commissioning is included in the project scope, a qualified independent Commissioning Agency with specialized building envelope expertise shall be engaged to perform building enclosure (envelope) commissioning and associated inspections, tests, measurements and verification to ensure all performance requirements are met.
- Industry Guidelines: Comply with the current version of the following::
- ASHRAE Guideline 0, The Commissioning Process.
- National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS) Guideline 3, Building Enclosure Commissioning Process.
- BECx Qualifications: Building Enclosure Commissioning specialist shall provide documentation of qualifications required by NIBS Guideline 3.
- Additional resources:
- AIA Best Practices: Building Enclosure Commissioning: An Introduction.
- U.S. Green Building Council: Building Envelope Commissioning.
- Whole Building Design Guide: Building Commissioning.
.05 Owner's Additional Energy Conservation Options - Alternate Bid Requirements
- Alternate Bids for Additional Energy Conservation Options: Competitively bid projects with a scope of work that have energy related components shall include Energy Conservation Options that are determined to be economically viable as defined below.
- Base Bid documents: shall be submitted by the lead Design Professional with sealed certification that the package complies with .02 Owner's High-Performance Requirements above. The Additional Energy Conservation options shall not be used as a basis for “Trade-Off” options with the building envelope or other equipment or systems that fall below the requirements in the referenced high- performance standards.
- Alternate Bids: Design professionals shall develop additional Energy Conservation Options that can be reasonably expected to be capable of financially supporting themselves for each energy component category that are relevant to the project scope. Examples include but are not necessarily limited to the following:
- Building Envelope
- An increased level of insulation for walls, roofs, floors, or ceilings
- Limit vertical fenestration area to not exceed 0.75 of the prescriptive requirement in ASHRAE 189.1.
- Extra-High Performance Insulated Glass (higher R value, reflective coating, etc.). Refer to Section 08 50 00 WINDOWS (EXTERIOR INSULATING GLAZING UNITS).
- High-Performance Solar Control Film Option for Existing Facilities. Refer to Section 08 50 00 WINDOWS (EXTERIOR INSULATING GLAZING UNITS).
- Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning
- Alternate selection of mechanical equipment with a higher efficiency (motor, drive, chiller, fan, pump, valve, etc.)
- Additional or supplemental BAS technology (programming or equipment)
- Alternate selection of lighting (newer technology, LED, light sensing ballast, daylight harvesting)
- Additional energy conservation measures that reduce energy, or operations and maintenance will also be considered such as alternative/renewable energy technologies, process changes, and sustainable practices.
- The following items shall be prepared by Party in responsible charge of the project and reviewed by OPP Engineering Services:
- All additional costs associated with each option.
- An energy comparison between the base design and the alternate option for a 12 month period.
- A Life Cycle Cost analysis that indicates simple payback in years and the Net Present Value at 5 years (for Energy Conservation Measure funded options), 10 years (for Energy Saving Program funded options), and 15 years (for other marginal cases) based on the current rates and projections.
- Note: In some cases, such as when evaluating options associated with the building thermal envelope with longer periods of useful life, the LCCA period shall be extended and performed to show which option has the lowest total cost of ownership with respect to the service life of the asset/component.
- If more than one alternate is determined to be feasible, a second energy comparison between the base design and all selected options shall be prepared at the owners request prior to award.